Structures

Structural Data for proteins and associated models and simulations

Structures on this page are grouped in tiers:

  1. Viral VS Host
  2. Active interest VS low interest in drug discovery
  3. Therapeutic Modality (Target)
  4. Structure Rating
  5. Model Ratings

Because of the sorting, structures may appear in multiple groups under the first three categories, but they will all link out to the same locations.

Many structural annotations and reviews come from the Coronavirus Structural Task Force.

Data classification:
  • Structures: Data defining structures determined by experimental methods and referenced via a unique identifier such as a PDB ID.
  • Models: Derived, integrated, or refined structures from multiple data sources prepared for different computational tasks.
  • Targets: The biological mechanisms and functions which can be exploited to reduce, prevent, or treat the virus.
  • Proteins: The biological proteins associated with the SARS-CoV-2 virus and host.
  • Simulations: The datasets produced as a result of applying the models to different scientific techniques.

Quick Navigation

3CLpro ACE2 BoAT1 E protein Fc receptor Furin Helicase IL6R M protein N protein NSP1 NSP10 NSP11 NSP14 NSP15 NSP16 NSP2 NSP4 NSP6 NSP7 NSP8 NSP9 ORF10 ORF3a ORF6 ORF7a ORF7b ORF8 PD-1 PLpro RdRP TMPRSS2 fusion core p38 spike virion

Structures of Virion Particle

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Structures of Viral Spike Proteins

Viral Spike Fusion Core

Inhibition of formation of the viral fusion core

Structure of Post Fusion Core of 2019-NCoV S2 Subunit (6LXT)

Additional: Medium-resolution structure of post-fusion core of SARS-CoV-2 S2 subunit

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6lxt View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.9 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Formation of the Viral Fusion Core
Related Proteins: fusion core HR1 HR2
Top Simulations:[See All]

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SARS-CoV-2 Spike (S) glycoprotein

Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein binding to human ACE2 receptor

The 2019-NCoV RBD/ACE2-B0AT1 Complex (6M17)

Additional: High-resolution cryo-EM structure of the full-length SARS-CoV-2 spike protein bound to human host cell receptor ACE2.

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6m17 View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.9 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 RBD/ACE2-B0AT1 Complex in Aqueous Solution

Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: spike RBD ACE2 BoAT1
Top Simulations:[See All]

DESRES-ANTON-10905033 10 µs simulation of the SARS-CoV-2-ACE2 complex, no water or ions

DESRES-ANTON-10905033 10 µs simulation of the SARS-CoV-2-ACE2 complex in aqueous solution


Structure of SARS Coronavirus Spike Receptor-Binding Domain Complexed With Its Receptor (2AJF)

Additional: High-resolution cryo-EM structure of the full-length SARS-CoV-1 spike protein bound to human host cell receptor ACE2.

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 2AJF View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.9 Å

Top Two Models:

Structure of SARS Coronavirus Spike Receptor-Binding Domain Complexed With Its Receptor in Aqueous Solution

Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: spike RBD ACE2
Top Simulations:[See All]

A 10 µs simulation of a SARS-CoV-1 and SARS-CoV-2 chimera-ACE2 complex, no water or ions

A 10 µs simulation of a SARS-CoV-1 and SARS-CoV-2 chimera-ACE2 complex in aqueous solution


Structure of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (Closed State) (6VXX)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6VXX View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.8 Å

Top Two Models:

Improved Trimeric SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (Closed State) in Aqueous Solution

Trimeric SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (Closed State) in Aqueous Solution

Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: spike
Top Simulations:[See All]

Gromacs 60 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 spike trimer, All Atom model

Trajectories of full-length SPIKE protein in the Closed state.


Crystal Structure of SARS-CoV-2 Receptor Binding Domain in Complex With Human Antibody CR3022 (6W41)

Additional: Low resolution X-ray structure of human antibody CR3022 bound to the receptor binding domain (RBD) of the spike protein.

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6w41 View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 3.084 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: spike RBD
Top Simulations:[See All]

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Crystal Structure of SARS-CoV-2 Spike Receptor-Binding Domain Bound With ACE2 (6M0J)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6m0j View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.45 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: spike RBD ACE2
Top Simulations:[See All]

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SARS-CoV-2 Spike Ectodomain Structure (Open State) (6VYB)

Additional: Low-resolution cryo-EM structure of the SARS-CoV-2 ectodomain in the open state.

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6vyb View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 3.2 Å

Top Two Models:

Trimeric SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (Open State) in Aqueous Solution

Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: spike
Top Simulations:[See All]

DESRES-ANTON-11021571 10 µs simulation of of the trimeric SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein in aqueous solution

DESRES-ANTON-11021571 10 µs simulation of of the trimeric SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein, no water or ions



Structures of Viral Protease, Polymerase, and Nonstructured Proteins

SARS-CoV-2 main protease (3CLpro or NSP5)

3CLpro / Mpro activity

Crystal Structure (Orthorhombic Form) of the Complex Resulting From the Reaction Between SARS-CoV-2 (2019-NCoV) Main Protease and Tert-Butyl (1-((S)-1-(((S)-4-(Benzylamino)-3,4-Dioxo-1-((S)-2-Oxopyrrolidin-3-Yl)butan-2-Yl)amino)-3-Cyclopropyl-1-Oxopropan-2-Yl)-2-Oxo-1,2-Dihydropyridin-3-Yl)carbamate (Alpha-Ketoamide 13b) (6Y2G)

Additional: Crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 main protease provides a basis for design of improved alpha-ketoamide inhibitors

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6Y2G View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.2 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: 3CLpro / Mpro Activity
Related Proteins: 3CLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

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The Crystal Structure of COVID-19 Main Protease in Complex With an Inhibitor N3 (6LU7)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6LU7 View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.16 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 Dimeric Main Protease Without Ligand Based on PDB 6LU7

Known Target Modalities: 3CLpro / Mpro Activity
Related Proteins: 3CLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

Riken BDR 10 Microsecond Trajectory Protein Snapshot every 1ns

Riken BDR 10 Microsecond Trajectory System Snapshot every 10ns


PanDDA Analysis Group Deposition of Ground-State Model of SARS-CoV-2 Main Protease Screened Against DSI Poised (Enamine), Fraglites and Peplites (Newcastle University), Mini Frags (Astex), York 3D (York University), Electrophile Cysteine Covalent (Weizman Institute) Fragment Libraries (5R8T)

Additional: PanDDA analysis group deposition of ground-state model of SARS-CoV-2 main protease fragment screening

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 5R8T View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 1.27 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: 3CLpro / Mpro Activity
Related Proteins: 3CLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

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6LZE

Additional: X-Ray crystal structure of SARS-Cov-2 MPro in complex with 11a

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: View 3D
Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: 3CLpro / Mpro Activity
Related Proteins: 3CLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

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SARS-CoV-2 Main Protease With Unliganded Active Site (2019-NCoV, Coronavirus Disease 2019, COVID-19) (6Y84)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6Y84 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 1.39 Å

Top Two Models:

3CLpro Prepared for Simulation in a 120 Cubic a Box for Long Continuous Trajectory

Known Target Modalities: 3CLpro / Mpro Activity
Related Proteins: 3CLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

DESRES 100 µs MD of 3CLpro, All Atom

DESRES 100 µs MD of 3CLpro, no water or ions


Crystal Structure (Monoclinic Form) of the Complex Resulting From the Reaction Between SARS-CoV-2 (2019-NCoV) Main Protease and Tert-Butyl (1-((S)-1-(((S)-4-(Benzylamino)-3,4-Dioxo-1-((S)-2-Oxopyrrolidin-3-Yl)butan-2-Yl)amino)-3-Cyclopropyl-1-Oxopropan-2-Yl)-2-Oxo-1,2-Dihydropyridin-3-Yl)carbamate (Alpha-Ketoamide 13b) (6Y2F)

Additional: Crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 main protease provides a basis for drug repurposing studies

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6Y2F View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 1.95 Å

Top Two Models:

Truncated Mpro Based on 6Y2F and Pharmacophore-Compliant 3D Conformers

Truncated Mpro Based on 6Y2F and Shape-Compliant 3D Conformers

Known Target Modalities: 3CLpro / Mpro Activity
Related Proteins: 3CLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

HADDOCK docking of approved Drugbank set against Mpro with a pharmacophore shape model

HADDOCK docking of approved Drugbank set against Mpro with a geometric shape model



SARS-CoV-2 Papain-like protease (NSP3)

3CLpro / Mpro activity

Crystal Structure of ADP Ribose Phosphatase of NSP3 From SARS CoV-2 in the Complex With ADP Ribose (6W02)

Additional: Crystal Structure of ADP ribose phosphatase of PLpro from SARS CoV-2 in the complex with ADP ribose

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6W02 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 1.5 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: 3CLpro / Mpro Activity
Related Proteins: PLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

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Inhibition of PLpro protease activity

The Crystal Structure of Papain-Like Protease of SARS CoV-2 (6W9C)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6w9c View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.7 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 Ligand-Free (PDB 6W9C - Chain C)

SARS-CoV-2 PLpro: ISOLDE Refined Model

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of PLpro Protease Activity
Related Proteins: PLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

Apo SARS-CoV-2 PLPro (from PDB 6W9C C-chain)

3k bound SARS-CoV-2 PLPro (3k docked to frame from trajectory of PDB 6W9C C-chain)


The Crystal Structure of Papain-Like Protease of SARS CoV-2 , C111S Mutant (6WRH)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6wrh View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 1.6 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 Ligand-Free (PDB 6WRH)

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of PLpro Protease Activity
Related Proteins: PLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

Apo SARS-CoV-2 PLPro (from PDB 6WRH C-chain)


X-Ray Structural and Biological Evaluation of a Series of Potent and Highly Selective Inhibitors of Human Coronavirus Papain-Like Proteases (4OW0)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 4ow0 View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.1 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-1 Ligand-Bound (PDB 4OW0)

SARS-CoV-1 Ligand-Free (PDB 4OW0 Ligand Removed)

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of PLpro Protease Activity
Related Proteins: PLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

3k bound SARS-CoV PLPro

Apo SARS-CoV PLpro


Inhibition of viral polymerases

SARS Coronavirus Papain-Like Protease: Structure of a Viral Deubiquitinating Enzyme (2FE8)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 2FE8 View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 1.85 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: PLpro
Top Simulations:[See All]

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SARS-CoV-2 RNA Polymerase (NSP12)

Inhibition of viral polymerases

Cryo-EM Structure of the Apo Nsp12-Nsp7-Nsp8 Complex (7BV1)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 7BV1 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.8 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 Apo-RdRp Complex (Nsp12+2*nsp8+nsp7) Model for MD Simulations

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: RdRP NSP7 NSP8
Top Simulations:[See All]

Gromacs 300 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 apo-RdRp model, All Atom model


The Nsp12-Nsp7-Nsp8 Complex Bound to the Template-Primer RNA and Triphosphate Form of Remdesivir(RTP) (7BV2)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 7BV2 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.5 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 RdRp Complex (Nsp12+2*nsp8+nsp7) + RNA Template-Primer + ATP Model for MD Simulations

Docking-Based Repurposing Study of Approved Drugs Against Truncated RdRp

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: NSP7 NSP8 RdRP
Top Simulations:[See All]

Gromacs 100 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp + RNA template-primer + ATP model, All Atom model

Gromacs 100 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp + RNA template-primer + RTP (Remdesivir Tri-Phosphate) model, All Atom model


SARS-Cov-2 RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase in Complex With Cofactors (6M71)

Additional: High-resolution cyro-EM structure of the SARS-CoV-2 NSP7-8 complex with RdRP

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6m71 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.9 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 Apo-RdRp Complex (Nsp12+2*nsp8+nsp7) Model for MD Simulations

SARS-CoV-2 RdRp Complex (Nsp12+2*nsp8+nsp7) + RNA Template-Primer + RTP (Remdesivir Tri-Phosphate) Model for MD Simulations

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: NSP7 NSP8 RdRP
Top Simulations:[See All]

Gromacs 100 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp + RNA template-primer + ATP model, All Atom model

Gromacs 300 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 apo-RdRp model, All Atom model



Helicase coronavirus nonstructural protein 13 (NSP13)


Coronavirus nonstructural protein 1


Coronavirus nonstructural protein 10

Inhibition of viral polymerases

1.80 Angstrom Resolution Crystal Structure of NSP16 - NSP10 Complex From SARS-CoV-2 (6W4H)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6W4H View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 1.8 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: NSP16 NSP10
Top Simulations:[See All]

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Coronavirus nonstructural protein 11


Coronavirus nonstructural protein 14


Coronavirus nonstructural protein 15

Inhibition of viral polymerases

The 1.9 a Crystal Structure of NSP15 Endoribonuclease From SARS CoV-2 in the Complex With a Citrate (6W01)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6W01 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 1.9 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: NSP15
Top Simulations:[See All]

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The Crystal Structure of COVID-19 Main Protease in Apo Form (6M03)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6M03 View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: NSP15
Top Simulations:[See All]

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Coronavirus nonstructural protein 16

Inhibition of viral polymerases

1.80 Angstrom Resolution Crystal Structure of NSP16 - NSP10 Complex From SARS-CoV-2 (6W4H)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6W4H View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 1.8 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: NSP16 NSP10
Top Simulations:[See All]

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Coronavirus nonstructural protein 2


Coronavirus nonstructural protein 4


Coronavirus nonstructural protein 6


Coronavirus nonstructural protein 7

Inhibition of viral polymerases

SARS-Cov-2 RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase in Complex With Cofactors (6M71)

Additional: High-resolution cyro-EM structure of the SARS-CoV-2 NSP7-8 complex with RdRP

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6m71 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.9 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 RdRP (NSP12) in Complex With NSP7 and Two Copies of NSP8: ISOLDE Refined Model

SARS-CoV-2 Apo-RdRp Complex (Nsp12+2*nsp8+nsp7) Model for MD Simulations

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: NSP7 NSP8 RdRP
Top Simulations:[See All]

Gromacs 100 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp + RNA template-primer + ATP model, All Atom model

Gromacs 300 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 apo-RdRp model, All Atom model


Cryo-EM Structure of the Apo Nsp12-Nsp7-Nsp8 Complex (7BV1)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 7BV1 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.8 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 Apo-RdRp Complex (Nsp12+2*nsp8+nsp7) Model for MD Simulations

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: RdRP NSP7 NSP8
Top Simulations:[See All]

Gromacs 300 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 apo-RdRp model, All Atom model


The Nsp12-Nsp7-Nsp8 Complex Bound to the Template-Primer RNA and Triphosphate Form of Remdesivir(RTP) (7BV2)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 7BV2 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.5 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 RdRp Complex (Nsp12+2*nsp8+nsp7) + RNA Template-Primer + ATP Model for MD Simulations

Docking-Based Repurposing Study of Approved Drugs Against Truncated RdRp

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: NSP7 NSP8 RdRP
Top Simulations:[See All]

HADDOCK docking of approved Drugbank set against RdRp

Gromacs 100 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp + RNA template-primer + ATP model, All Atom model



Coronavirus nonstructural protein 8

Inhibition of viral polymerases

SARS-Cov-2 RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase in Complex With Cofactors (6M71)

Additional: High-resolution cyro-EM structure of the SARS-CoV-2 NSP7-8 complex with RdRP

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6m71 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.9 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 RdRP (NSP12) in Complex With NSP7 and Two Copies of NSP8: ISOLDE Refined Model

SARS-CoV-2 Apo-RdRp Complex (Nsp12+2*nsp8+nsp7) Model for MD Simulations

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: NSP7 NSP8 RdRP
Top Simulations:[See All]

DESRES-ANTON-10917618 10 µs simulation of SARS-CoV-2 nsp7-nsp8-nsp12 RNA polymerase complex in aqueous solution

Gromacs 100 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp + RNA template-primer + ATP model, All Atom model


Cryo-EM Structure of the Apo Nsp12-Nsp7-Nsp8 Complex (7BV1)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 7BV1 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.8 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 Apo-RdRp Complex (Nsp12+2*nsp8+nsp7) Model for MD Simulations

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: RdRP NSP7 NSP8
Top Simulations:[See All]

Gromacs 300 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 apo-RdRp model, All Atom model


The Nsp12-Nsp7-Nsp8 Complex Bound to the Template-Primer RNA and Triphosphate Form of Remdesivir(RTP) (7BV2)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 7BV2 View 3D To Be Published

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.5 Å

Top Two Models:

Docking-Based Repurposing Study of Approved Drugs Against Truncated RdRp

SARS-CoV-2 RdRp Complex (Nsp12+2*nsp8+nsp7) + RNA Template-Primer + ATP Model for MD Simulations

Known Target Modalities: Inhibition of Viral Polymerases
Related Proteins: NSP7 NSP8 RdRP
Top Simulations:[See All]

HADDOCK docking of approved Drugbank set against RdRp

Gromacs 100 ns MD of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp + RNA template-primer + ATP model, All Atom model



Coronavirus nonstructural protein 9


Structures of Viral Open Reading Frame Proteins

Coronavirus Open Reading Frame 10


Coronavirus Open Reading Frame 3a


Coronavirus Open Reading Frame 6


Coronavirus Open Reading Frame 7a


Coronavirus Open Reading Frame 7b


Coronavirus Open Reading Frame 8


Structures of Viral Membrane Proteins

Membrane Glycoprotein


Structures of Viral Envelope Proteins

Envelope small membrane protein


Structures of Viral Nucleocapsid Proteins

Nucleoprotein


Structures of Host Proteins

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)

Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein binding to human ACE2 receptor

Native Human Angiotensin Converting Enzyme-Related Carboxypeptidase (ACE2) (1R42)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 1R42 View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.2 Å

Top Two Models:

Human ACE2 Ectodomain in Aqueous Solution (Apo Open State)

Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: ACE2
Top Simulations:[See All]

DESRES-ANTON-10875753 10 µs simulation trajectory of the human ACE2 ectodomain, no water or ions

DESRES-ANTON-10875753 10 µs simulation trajectory of the human ACE2 ectodomain in aqueous solution


Inhibitor Bound Human Angiotensin Converting Enzyme-Related Carboxypeptidase (ACE2) (1R4L)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 1R4L View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 3 Å

Top Two Models:

Docking-Based Repurposing Study of Approved Drugs Against Truncated Human ACE2 Ectodomain (Inhibitor-Bound Closed State)

Human ACE2 Ectodomain in Aqueous Solution (Inhibitor-Bound Closed State)

Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: ACE2
Top Simulations:[See All]

DESRES-ANTON-10875754 10 µs simulation trajectory of the human ACE2 ectodomain, no water or ions

DESRES-ANTON-10875754 10 µs simulation trajectory of the human ACE2 ectodomain in aqueous solution


Structure of SARS-CoV-2 Chimeric Receptor-Binding Domain Complexed With Its Receptor Human ACE2 (6VW1)

Additional: Crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 chimeric receptor-binding domain complexed with its receptor human ACE2

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6vw1 View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.68 Å

Top Two Models:

Chimeric RBD in Complex With Human ACE2

Chimeric RBD in Complex With Human ACE2

Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: RBD ACE2
Top Simulations:[See All]

DESRES-ANTON-10895671 30 µs of accelerated weighted ensemble MD simulation of a chimeric RBD in complex with ACE2

DESRES-ANTON-10918441 2 µs simulations of 78 FDA approved or investigational drug molecules binding to the ectodomain of human ACE2


Crystal Structure of SARS-CoV-2 Spike Receptor-Binding Domain Bound With ACE2 (6M0J)

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6m0j View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.45 Å

Top Two Models:

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Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: spike RBD ACE2
Top Simulations:[See All]

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Structure of SARS Coronavirus Spike Receptor-Binding Domain Complexed With Its Receptor (2AJF)

Additional: High-resolution cryo-EM structure of the full-length SARS-CoV-1 spike protein bound to human host cell receptor ACE2.

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 2AJF View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: X-Ray Diffraction | Resolution: 2.9 Å

Top Two Models:

Structure of SARS Coronavirus Spike Receptor-Binding Domain Complexed With Its Receptor in Aqueous Solution

Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: spike RBD ACE2
Top Simulations:[See All]

A 10 µs simulation of a SARS-CoV-1 and SARS-CoV-2 chimera-ACE2 complex in aqueous solution

A 10 µs simulation of a SARS-CoV-1 and SARS-CoV-2 chimera-ACE2 complex, no water or ions


The 2019-NCoV RBD/ACE2-B0AT1 Complex (6M17)

Additional: High-resolution cryo-EM structure of the full-length SARS-CoV-2 spike protein bound to human host cell receptor ACE2.

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6m17 View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.9 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 RBD/ACE2-B0AT1 Complex in Aqueous Solution

Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: spike RBD ACE2 BoAT1
Top Simulations:[See All]

DESRES-ANTON-10905033 10 µs simulation of the SARS-CoV-2-ACE2 complex, no water or ions

DESRES-ANTON-10905033 10 µs simulation of the SARS-CoV-2-ACE2 complex in aqueous solution



Sodium Dependent Neutral Amnio Acid Transporter (BoAT1)

Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein binding to human ACE2 receptor

The 2019-NCoV RBD/ACE2-B0AT1 Complex (6M17)

Additional: High-resolution cryo-EM structure of the full-length SARS-CoV-2 spike protein bound to human host cell receptor ACE2.

Structure Data and Links: PDBID: 6m17 View 3D Read the Paper

Experimental Method: Electron Microscopy | Resolution: 2.9 Å

Top Two Models:

SARS-CoV-2 RBD/ACE2-B0AT1 Complex in Aqueous Solution

Known Target Modalities: Blocking SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor
Related Proteins: spike RBD ACE2 BoAT1
Top Simulations:[See All]

DESRES-ANTON-10905033 10 µs simulation of the SARS-CoV-2-ACE2 complex in aqueous solution

DESRES-ANTON-10905033 10 µs simulation of the SARS-CoV-2-ACE2 complex, no water or ions



Ab Receptor in Host Cells (FcR)


Furin / PACE


Interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor


Programmed cell death factor 1


p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MPAK)


Transmembrane Protease Serine 2


External Structure Resources

COV3D: A Coronavirus 3D Structure Database

Description: Updated structures of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19 virus), SARS-CoV, and MERS-CoV spike proteins, as well as other coronavirus proteins of interest for therapeutics and vaccines.

Institution: Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, University of Maryland

Lab: Brian Pierce


The Cambridge Structural Database

Description: The Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) is a certified trusted database of fully curated and enhanced organic and metal-organic structures, used by researchers across the globe. Established in 1965, the CSD is the world’s repository for small-molecule organic and metal-organic crystal structures. Containing over one million structures from x-ray and neutron diffraction analyses, this unique database of accurate 3D structures has become an essential resource to scientists around the world.

Institution: Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre


Structural Biology Task Force GitHub Page

Description: A global public resource for the structures from beta-coronavirus with a focus on SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2.

Organization: Coronavirus Structural Biology Task Force